Pulmonary rehab: changing the signal

Pulmonary rehabilitation is one of the most effective treatments for breathlessness in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), yet its effect is variable. While up to 60% of patients who complete a course of treatment see an improvement, that leaves 40% that do not. Understanding why it works for some and not for others can help … Continue reading Pulmonary rehab: changing the signal

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Breathlessness and opioids

We've recently published a paper on how opioids can modulate breathlessness. (The whole manuscript is open access here). Low-dose opioids can be used for treating chronic breathlessness, but we don't know exactly how they work. Opioid receptors exist across the brain. These are part of the internal opioid system (endogenous opioid system) for natural pain relief. When … Continue reading Breathlessness and opioids